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SSC CGL Exam Pattern, Syllabus & Best Books (2021 Edition)

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SSC CGL Exam Pattern: SSC (Staff Selection Commission) CGL exam is one of the most popular exams in India. By clearing the SSC CHSL exam, each year lakhs of candidates get a government job. SSC exams test the caliber of candidates and help government agencies to find the best staff. Each year more than 13 Lakh candidates give SSC CGL (Combined Graduate Level) exam. And more than half of the students lack in their exam due to the lack of knowledge towards SSC CGL Exam Pattern, due to which we are starting a series of exam patterns information.

So in this article, we will inform you about SSC CGL Syllabus. So here is a detailed explanation about SSC CGL. SSC CGL exams are conducted those steps are Tier – I, Tier – II, Tier – III, and Tier – IV. Read the given below information related to SSC Exams.

SSC CGL Exam Patterns usually keep on improving by changing the exam syllabus, pattern, and few other small things. So we will try to explain every small and big piece of information related to the SSC exam pattern. The given below points are the main steps of the SSC CGL Exam Pattern.

  • Tier – I Objective Exam
  • Tier – II Objective Exam
  • Tier – III Descriptive Exam
  • Tier – IV Skill Test/Document Verification

SSC CGL Exam Pattern and Syllabus (Tier-I)

SSC CGL Tier-I exam is the first exam of SSC (Staff Selection Commission) CGL. This is an objective exam that will be conducted by Online CBT mode. The total time given for this exam is 60 minutes. For the visually handicapped’s total time is 80 minutes.

Exam Type Mode Of Exam Time
Objective Multiple Choice Online Computer based Test 60 minutes

Now lets, talk about marking structure and questions in the SSC CGL Tier-I exam. The exam consists of four sections having 100 Questions. Each question is of 2 marks so the maximum marks of each section are 50 marks, a total of 4 sections’ maximum marks are 200.

Important Points Of SSC CGL Exam Pattern (Tier-I)

  • All subjects are required and compulsory for each and every candidate.
  • The total duration of the examination is 60 minutes.
  • SSC CGL also has Negative marking due to which candidates lose 0.5 Marks for every wrong answer.

So the given below is the required syllabus for SSC CGL Tier-I paper.

Sections of SSC CGL Tier-I

Section Maximum Marks
Quantitative Aptitude 50
English language and Comprehension 50
General Intelligence & Reasoning 50
General Awareness 50
Total 200

This was the basic structure of the SSC CGL exam pattern, now it’s turning for the SSC CGL syllabus. So we are analyzing the whole syllabus of the SSC CGL Exam Pattern given down below. This analysis is divided by its exam sections.

Quantitative Aptitude

Quantitative aptitude basically contains Math as a subject. But as we know mathematics as a subject is very vast. Due to which SSC provides specific chapters of math for the Combined Graduate Level. So the specified chapter of mathematics are:-

  •  Mensuration
  • Data Interpretation
  • Simplification
  • Interest
  • Averages
  • Percentages
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Problem on Ages
  • Time and Work
  • Algebra
  • Trigonometry
  • Geometry
  • Speed
  • Distance and Time
  • Number System

English language and Comprehension

Language is very important in any aspect of our life, due to which Staff Selection Commission will also check your English language. But you do not need to learn the full syllabus. Specific Chapters of exam pattern for cgl exam are given below:

  • Error Spotting
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Spellings
  • Antonyms
  • One Word Substitution
  • Sentence Correction
  • Fill in the Blanks
  • Synonyms
  • Idioms & Phrases

General Intelligence & Reasoning

Next is General Intelligence & Reasoning subjects which have different chapters which an SSC CGL candidate should clear before giving the exam. This is the full information of the SSC CGL Exam Pattern for General Intelligence related to the SSC CGL Exam Pattern.

  • Coding-Decoding
  • Analogy
  • Puzzle
  • Matrix
  • Classification
  • Critical Thinking
  • Word Formation
  • Emotional
  • Verbal Reasoning
  • Direction and Distance
  • Series
  • Blood Relations
  • Venn Diagram
  • Social Intelligence

General Awareness

Now the last section which is left in the paper is General Awareness for SSC CGL Exam. Check the given chapters of General Awareness:

  • Portfolios
  • Polity
  • Population Census
  • Static General Knowledge (Indian History, Culture, etc.)
  • Current Affairs
  • Sports
  • Science
  • Awards
  • Important Schemes
  • Books
  • Authors
  • Computer
  • Geography
  • Economy
  • People in News

SSC CGL Exam Pattern and Syllabus (Tier-II)

SSC CGL Tier-II exam is the second step towards SSC (Staff Selection Commission) CGL (Combined Graduate Level) career. This is also an Online exam that will be conducted by the Staff selection commission. There are in total 4 Exams in SSC CGL (Tier-II). Each exam will be of 120 min (2hrs) duration there will be 4 subjects with 100 questions with each question of 2 marks in total 200 marks in all subjects except English in English there will 1 marks for 200 questions in total 200 marks. You do not need to give all 4 exams, the exams which you need to give are specified in the note section given below the table.

Paper Subject No of Questions Maximum Marks
I Quantitative Abilities 100 200
II English Language and Comprehension 200 200
III Statistics 100 200
IV General Studies (Finance & Economics) 100 200

Important Points Of SSC CGL Exam Pattern (Tier-II)

  • SSC CGL Tier-II has 4 papers and all of them are not compulsory to give, Paper I & Paper II are compulsory for all posts.
  • Paper III is only required for the candidates which are interested in Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) post.
  • Paper IV is only required for the candidates who are shortlisted by the Tier-I exam, and this exam is for the post of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer.
  • Negative marking is applicable for all papers, for every wrong answer in Paper I, III & IV will deduct 0.50 in total marks. And for paper II (English) each wrong question will deduct 0.25 marks.
  • Levels of questions in this examination are provided below:
    • Paper-I (Quantitative Abilities) will be of Class 10 (Matric) Level.
    • Paper-II (English Language and Comprehension) will be of Class 12 Level.
    • Paper-III (Statistics) will be of Graduation Level.
    • Paper-IV (General Studies) will be of Graduation Level.
  • The total exam duration is 2 hrs and 40 Mins for visually handicapped candidates.

So the given below is the required syllabus for SSC CGL Tier-II paper.

Sections of SSC CGL Tier-II

Quantitative Aptitude

  • Data Interpretation
  • Simplification
  • Time and Work
  • Number System
  • Percentages
  • Algebra
  • Interest
  • Data Sufficiency
  • Trigonometry
  • Geometry
  • Mensuration
  • Averages
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Speed
  • Distance and Time

English Language & Comprehension

  • Fill in the Blanks
  • Spellings
  • Cloze Test
  • Antonyms
  • Para Jumbles
  • Active- Passive Voice
  • Direct- Indirect Speech
  • Reading Comprehension
  • One Word Substitution
  • Idioms & Phrases
  • Sentence Correction
  • Error Spotting
  • Synonyms


  • Collection and Representation of Data
  • Measure of Dispersion
  • Measure of Central Tendency
  • Moments
  • Sampling Theory
  • Random Variables
  • Analysis
  • Correlation and Regression
  • Skewness and Kurtosis
  • Variance
  • Time Series Analysis
  • Index Number

Finance and Economics

  • Forms of Market and Price determination in different markets
  • Comptroller and Auditor General of India
  • Financial Accounting
  • Theory of Production and cost
  • Basic Concepts of Accounting
  • Fundamental Principles
  • Finance and Accounting
  • Self Balancing Ledger
  • Economics and governance
  • Finance Commission
  • Theory of Demand and Supply

SSC CGL Exam Pattern and Syllabus (Tier-III)

SSC CGL Tier-III exam is the third step towards SSC (Staff Selection Commission) CGL (Combined Graduate Level) career. This is also an Offline exam done on paper that will be conducted by the Staff selection commission. There are in total 1 Exams in SSC CGL (Tier-III). The exam will be of 60 min (1hrs) duration there will be 1 subject which is Language that will include language proficiency, grammar knowledge, vocabulary usage, and writing skills will be tested in English/Hindi.

Mode of Examination Subject Maximum Marks
Offline Mode Descriptive Type Paper in English or Hindi 100

SSC CGL Exam Pattern and Syllabus (Tier-IV)

SSC CGL Tier-IV Exam Pattern is the last step towards SSC (Staff Selection Commission) CGL (Combined Graduate Level) career. This is the end of the whole process where the commission will check skills and documents. There are in total 3 steps:-

  1. DEST (Data Entry Speed Test) for the post of Tax Assistants (Central Excise & Income Tax).
  2. Document Verification: The last step to the final selection would be Document Verification.
  3. CPT (Computer Proficiency Test) for the post of Assistant Section Officer of Central Secretariat Service (CSS), Assistant Section Officer (MEA), Assistant in Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO) under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and Assistant (GSI) in the Ministry of Mines.

Hindi Video Explanation of SSC CGL Exam Pattern

This video is embedded from the wifi study channel, we embedded the video for a better explanation of SSC CGL. All rights of the video are reserved by the wifi study SSC Exam YouTube channel.

Best Book For SSC CGL

There are many SSC CGL Exam Pattern & preparation books in the market, however, the list below talks about the best books for SSC CGL preparation. Explore the top 10 best books for SSC CGL preparation! The examination will be conducted in four tiers and Tier-I consists of four sections, namely, general intelligence & reasoning, quantitative aptitude, general awareness, and English language & comprehension. The first and foremost task for aspirants preparing for SSC CGL is to scrutinize the books available to aid their preparation.

Best SSC CGL Books for English

So our organization wejobstation suggest, checkout and use Objective General English by S.P. Bakshi and High School English Grammar & Composition by Wren & Martin. If you are thinking to prepare for SSC CGL then these 2 books are best for English.

Click on Image to checkout on Amazon.

Objective General English by SP Bakshi
Wren & Martin High School English
Grammar and Composition

Best SSC CGL General Awareness Books

Click on Image to checkout on Amazon.

Kiran SSC General Awareness 
Ace General Awareness For SSC 

Best SSC CGL Quantitative Aptitude Books

Click on Image to checkout on Amazon.

General Quantitative Aptitude
Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations

Best for General Intelligence & Reasoning Books

Click on Image to checkout on Amazon.

SSC General Intelligence & Reasoning
SSC Reasoning Topic-wise

Best for all in one SSC CGL Tier-I book

Click on Image to checkout on Amazon.

100 SSC CGL Books for Tier-I 
Master Guide SSC CGL 

If you have any queries related to SSC CGL Exam Pattern then comment down below, we will try our best to answer them.

Thanks for reading drop your suggestions in the comments related to SSC CGL Exam Pattern.

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